DISCIPLINA: European Union Copyright Law
Tito Filipe Bugia Rendas
João Pedro de Miranda Branco Tomé Quintais

Sítio da Disciplina: http://sca.lisboa.ucp.pt/e-sca/moodle.aspx?CdDis=14C433120173

Faculty: Dr. João Pedro Quintais | Tito Rendas
Academic Year: 2017/2018 | 1st Semester | Elective Course
Teaching Hours: 20 | 4 ECTS
Teaching Method: Theoretical-Practical Classes

The fundamental objective of this course is to lead students to acquire in-depth knowledge and comprehension of the protection of copyright at the EU level, including the ability to apply, analyse, synthetise, and evaluate the relevant materials. For that purpose, we will examine different European instruments in the field of copyright law, as well as the relevant case law of the CJEU (and, occasionally, of Member States and US courts). These materials will be discussed against the background of one fundamental question: whether EU copyright law, as it is currently designed, is capable of adapting to a rapidly changing social, economic and technological environment. Moreover, students will be asked to critically assess the pending EU copyright reform package, with a focus on the Proposal for a Directive on copyright in the Digital Single Market.

Part I ? Introduction
1. Intellectual property and copyright law
2. General overview of copyright law
3. Rationales of copyright protection
4. Systems of copyright law:
a. Droit d?auteur (civil law)
b. Copyright (common law)
5. The international framework of copyright law
a. Berne Convention
b. TRIPS Agreement
c. WIPO Treaties
Part II ? EU Copyright Law
6. The harmonization process and the EU copyright acquis
7. Subject matter
a. Literary and artistic works
b. The idea-expression dichotomy
c. Originality
8. Economic rights
a. Reproduction
b. Communication to the public (offline and online)
c. Distribution (and exhaustion)
9. Exceptions and Limitations
a. Temporary reproduction
b. Private copying
c. Parody
d. US fair use
10. Enforcement
Part III ? EU Copyright Reform
11. The EU copyright reform package: an overview
12. Case studies
a. Press publishers? right
b. Value gap proposal

The learning objectives articulated above require students to understand, apply, analyse, and critically evaluate EU copyright law.
In order to achieve these objectives, students must first grasp the key concepts of copyright law, its theoretical underpinnings and different legal traditions, and the basic international legal framework. Part I of the Program provides students with these building blocks.
With the groundwork in place, students will be prepared to go into EU copyright law in depth. Accordingly, Part II maps out the main areas of the copyright acquis and its fundamental legal doctrines and problems. Students? comprehension and application of the relevant materials, as well as their analytical skills, will be stimulated and tested through the discussion of scholarly articles, legislation and selected judicial decisions on each of the topics identified in the program.
Finally, Part III focuses on the development of students? capacity of synthesis and evaluation, by discussing the ongoing process of EU copyright reform.

Teaching will consist of a combination of lecturing and the Socratic method. For the most part, we will engage in argumentative dialogue with students, aimed at stimulating critical thinking and drawing out ideas and their underlying assumptions. The quality of the classes will therefore be a function of the commitment of enrolled students, who will be expected to read the assigned materials prior to classes and discuss them with rigor.
The students? final grade will be based on two elements: a take-home exam (80%), and class participation (20%).

In the first part of the course - the goal of which is to provide students with basic knowledge about copyright law and comprehension of its fundamental concepts - preference will be given to a more expository approach consistent with the lecturing method. From then on, we will combine lecturing with a dialogical approach, focusing on students? capacity to analyse the statutory texts in connection with judicial interpretation, and their ability to evaluate problems posed to copyright law by developments in technology, social norms, and business models.
Whereas the lecturing method allows us to give students the necessary tools to understand, analyse and apply the relevant materials, the Socratic one, though certainly more demanding for everyone in the classroom, stimulates the students? capacity for critical thinking, problem-solving, and deeper understanding.

Part I ? Introduction

Class #1 (Sep. 18, 15:30-16:45)
1. Intellectual property and copyright law
2. General overview of copyright law
- WIPO Intellectual Property Handbook, Chapter 1 (pp 3-4) and Chapter 2 (pp. 40-52)
- P. Goldstein & P.B. Hugenholtz, International Copyright: Principles, Law, and Practice, Chapter 1, pp. 3?12
- J. Pila & P. Torremans, European Intellectual Property Law, OUP, Chapter 1, pp. 1-15

Class #2 (Sep. 18, 17:00-18:15)
3. Rationales of copyright protection
4. Systems of copyright law: civil law vs. common law
5. The international framework of copyright law
- Paul Goldstein & Bernt Hugenholtz, International Copyright: Principles, Law, and Practice, Chapter 2, pp. 13-26, and Chapter 3, only pp. 29-44
- WIPO, Summary of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (1886), and Summary of the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) (1996)
- William Fisher, Theories of Intellectual Property, pp. 1-8
Additional readings (optional):
- Robert P. Merges, Justifying Intellectual Property, Chapter 1, Harvard University Press, 2011

Part II ? EU Copyright Law

Class #3 (Sep. 19, 15:30-16:45)
6. The harmonization process and the EU copyright acquis
- European Commission, Digital Single Market, The EU Copyright Legislation
- A. Ramalho, Section 5: Intellectual Property (December 1, 2015). in F. Amtenbrink et al. (Eds.), Law of the European Union, KLI (2016, Forthcoming), pp. 8, 16-20
- P.B. Hugenholtz, Monash University L. R. vol. 38, No. 1 (2012), Harmonisation or Unification of European Union Copyright Law

Class #4 (Sep. 19, 17:00-18:15)
7. Subject matter
- Berne Convention, Article 2(1); TRIPS Agreement, Articles 9 and 10; WCT, Articles 1(4), 2, 4, and 5; InfoSoc Directive, Articles 2 to 4; Term Directive, Article 1(1) and 6; Software Directive, Article 1; Database Directive, Article 3
Case law:
- C-393/09, BSA, paras 1-21, 28-51
- C-5/08, Infopaq, paras 1-26, 30-51
- Joined Cases C-403/08 and C-429/08, Murphy/Premier League, paras 1-2, 30-48, 147-159

Class #5 (Sep. 20, 15:30-16:45)
7. Subject matter (cont?d)
- See Class #4
Case law:
- C-145/10, Painer, paras 1-2, 15-19, 27-43, and 85-99
- Feist Publications, Inc. v. Rural Telephone Service Co., 499 U.S. 340 (1991)
Additional readings (optional):
- E. Judge & D. Gervais, Of Silos and Constellations: Comparing Notions of Originality in Copyright Law. Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal, Vol. 27, 2010

Class #6 (Sep. 20, 17:00-18:15)
8. Economic rights (reproduction and communication to the public)
- Berne Convention, Article 9; WCT, Article 8; InfoSoc Directive, Articles 2 and 3, and Recitals 21-27
Case law:
- C-5/08, Infopaq, paras 1-26, 30-51
- C-419/13, Arts & Allposters, paras 14-21, 24-27, 41-49
- C-306/05, SGAE, paras 1-2, 20-23, 32-54
- C-117/15, Reha Training, paras 1-2, 11-65
- EPRS Study on the Review of the EU copyright framework, pp. I-70 to I-75

Class #7 (Sep. 21, 15:30-16:45)
8. Economic rights (online communication to the public)
- See Class #6
Case law:
- C-607/11, ITV Broadcasting (entire case)
- C-466/12, Svensson (entire case)
- C-160/15, GS Media (entire case)
- C-527/15, Filmspeler, paras 1-2, 14-53.
- C-610/15, The Pirate Bay (entire case)
Additional readings (optional):
- M. Senftleben, Copyright Reform, GS Media and Innovation Climate in the EU ? Euphonious Chord or Dissonant Cacophony? Tijdschrift voor auteurs-, media- en informatierecht 2016, pp. 130-133
- T. Rendas, How Playboy Photos Compromised EU Copyright Law: The GS Media Judgment. 20(11) Journal of Internet Law 11 (2017)

Class #8 (Sep. 21, 17:00-18:15)
8. Economic rights (distribution)
- WCT, Article 6; InfoSoc Directive, Article 4 and Recitals 28-29
Case law
- C-479/04, Laserdisken, paras 1-27.
- C-516/13, Dimensione Direct Sales (entire case)
- C-419/13, Arts & Allposters (entire case)
- C-128/11, UsedSoft, paras 1-2, 20-88
- EPRS Study on the Review of the EU copyright framework, pp. I-75 to I-76

Class #9 (Sep. 25, 15:30-16:45)
9. Exceptions (temporary reproduction)
- InfoSoc Directive, Article 5(1) and 5(5)
Case law:
- C-302/10, Infopaq II, paras. 8-23
- C-403/08 and C-429/08, Premier League, paras. 160-182
- C-360/13, PRCA, paras. 7-63
- C-527/15, Filmspeler, paras. 14-22, 54-72

Class #10 (Sep. 25, 17:00-18:15)
9. Exceptions (private copying)
- InfoSoc Directive, Recital 35 and Article 5(2)(b) and (5)
Case law:
- C-467/08, Padawan, paras. 29-63
- C-435/12, ACI Adam, paras. 12-58
- C-463/12, Copydan Bandkopi, paras 18-91
Additional readings (optional):
- J. Poort & J.P. Quintais, The Levy Runs Dry: A Legal and Economic Analysis of EU Private Copying Levies. 4 JIPITEC 205 (2013)
- J.P. Quintais, Private Copying and Downloading from Unlawful Sources. 46 IIC 66 (2015)

Class #11 (Sep. 27, 15:30-16:45)
9. Exceptions (parody)
- InfoSoc Directive, Article 5(3)(k)
- C-201/13, Deckmyn, paras 7-35
- Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc., 510 U.S. 569 (1994)
Additional readings (optional):
- E. Rosati, Just a laughing matter? Why the decision in Deckmyn is broader than parody. 52 Common Market Law Review 511 (2015)

Class #12 (Sep. 27, 17:00-18:15)
9. Exceptions (US fair use)
- Section 107 of the US Copyright Act
Case law:
- Harper & Row v. Nation Enterprises, 471 U.S. 539 (1985)
- Perfect 10, Inc. v. Amazon.com, Inc., 508 F.3d 1146 (9th Cir. 2007)

Class #13 (Oct. 2, 15:30-16:45)
10. Enforcement
- InfoSoc Directive, Article 6 and Article 8
- Enforcement Directive, Article 11 and Article 13
- C-355/12, Nintendo, paras 9-38
- C-70/10, Scarlet, paras. 15-25, 29-54
- C-314/12, UPC Telekabel Wien, paras. 11-16, 23-64
- C-367/15, OTK, paras. 11-33
Additional readings (optional):
- M. Husovec, Injunctions against Innocent Third Parties: The Case of Website Blocking. 4 JIPITEC 116 (2013)
- T. Rendas, Lex Specialis(sima): Videogames and Technological Protection Measures in EU Copyright Law. 37(1) EIPR 39 (2015)

Class #14 (Oct. 2, 17:00-18:15)
10. Enforcement (cont?d)

Part III ? EU Copyright Reform

Class #15 (Oct. 4, 15:30-16:45)
12. The EU copyright reform package: an overview
13. Case studies
- Proposal for a Directive on copyright in the Digital Single Market, Explanatory memorandum (pp. 1-10), Article 11 and Article 13
Additional Readings (optional):
- Position Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition on the Proposed Harmonisation of European Copyright Rules

Class #16 (Oct. 4, 17:00-18:15)
Exam preparation

The relevant legislation is listed in the lessons? plan and will be provided to students via the Moodle platform.

The readings for each class - both the mandatory and the optional - are listed in the lessons? plan and will be provided to students via the Moodle platform. Prior knowledge of the basics of European Union law is not necessary, although students may find it useful at certain moments.